Scar Treatment Tip 1 | Start treating the scar as soon as possible.
The fresher a scar, the more efficient treatments will be. So after the wound is closed scar treatment can be applied immediately. But never before the wound is healed completely. Proper wound care will also benefit scar appearance. Keep the wound moist and clean.

Scar Treatment Tip 2 | Focus on non invasive / DIY methods
Over time scars will improve. Make use of non invasive methods and avoid the more intrusive methods as steroid injections and surgery as much as possible. The scar has to heal again and new scar tissue will come into existence.

Scar Treatment Tip 3 | Moisturize
Make sure the scar doesn’t get dehydrated. Use a lotion or cream to keep it moist. In my opinion any moisturizing cream will do.

Scar Treatment Tip 4 | Heat Application
Higher temperatures increase of the activity of the enzyme that breaks down scar tissue. Paraffin wax or heat application devices can be beneficial in scar reduction

Scar Treatment Tip 5 | Make sure the scar can ‘breathe’
Oxygen is essential for every living being. I made sure my scars were exposed to the air as much as I could. When I was treating my scars I was given the advice to exercise. This way the blood flow will improve thus supporting the skin’s own recovering ability

Scar Treatment Tip 6 | Always keep the scar out of the sun
Never expose fresh scars to the sun. It is very important to keep your scar, as long as it is not in it’s final state, out of the sun because the solar radiation will damage the tissue or cause hyperpigmentation. Also other external influences such as extreme cold and the sauna are best avoided when the scar is still immature.

Scar Treatment Tip 7 | Wait until the wound is closed
Never start with scar improving until the wound has been healed completely. You’ll want to treat a scar not a wound. Otherwise you will only make things worse.

Scar Treatment Tip 8 | Massage therapy
Perform scar massage. By softly manipulating the tissue the blood circulation will improve and the tissue will get softer. Only when the wound has been healed completely. Make use of a cream to your liking. In my opinion it doesn’t matter if you choose onion cream or a vitamin B based lotion but some people swear with some kinds of scar creams.

Some more background info on scar treatment and which scientific insights currently are available:

Scientific studies have found out there are roughly 5 aspects that are known and proven to influence scar treatment in a positive way:

  1. Proper Wound Care
  2. Hydration
  3. Warmth
  4. Massage
  5. Covering Scars (occlusion)

Here are some tips focused on influencing these factors in such a way to accomplish an optimal scar treatment plan.

Wound care
Optimal scar treatment starts with proper wound care. A smoothly and quickly healing wound is least likely to develop an ugly scar. Inflammation and crusting slow down the wound healing process thus stimulate scarring. A moist, sterile wound healing environment, realized by keeping wounds covered, has shown to be advantageous.
Covering wounds also reduces tension on the wound edges resulting in less wide scars.
Tip: prevent inflammation and crusting by covering wounds and keeping them moist and clean. Learn more here: products.

Injured skin has an inclination of losing water more quickly. Scar hydration for extended periods of time appears to improve the appearance of scar tissue. Several clinical trials and reviews have demonstrated this. Hydration is thought to decrease the tissue’s water loss and restore the stability regulating (homeostatic) process in scars.

“We have found that the provision of support and hydration and especially in addition with an enhanced wound healing constituent acts together to provide surprisingly improved scar management and maturation” source:

Scar tissue is a result of the skin creating collagen fibers to close the wound. In some cases excessive collagen is produced. This is when we speak of hypertrophic and keloid scars. An enzyme called collagenase breaks down collagen. The creation of this enzym is induced by higher temperatures so warmth reduces scar tissue development. Researchers have found out that an increased temperature, even by 1°C, will significantly increase collagenase production.
Tip: Keep scars warm.

Gently massaging scars and exercising regularly results in an increased blood flow in the tissue. The subsequent increased oxygen supply is thought to lead to an improved skin tone. Because tension on the scar (and wound) is what also appears to be a major factor in scarring overstretching or too rigorously massaging scars should be avoided at all times. Scar massage also helps keeping the scar tissue supple.
Tip: carefully implemented scar massage can be beneficial. Only start with scar massage after the wound has closed completely.

Covering scars
Covering up scars, also called occlusion, minimizes the tension on scar tissue. The most common scar covering therapies are pressure garments, silicone sheeting, polyurethane and hydrogel dressings. Of all these scar covering methods silicones are the most effective. Research suggests certain elements present in some silicone scar management product mimic the natural barrier function of normal, healthy skin. This is thought to increase hydration, soften scar tissue, reducing excessive creation of scar tissue.

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